Foot Health

Foot pain is not normal and will not go away on its own. Podiatrists are uniquely qualified among medical professionals to treat the complex structure of the foot and ankle, based on their education, training and experience. They can diagnose illnesses, treat injuries and perform surgery affecting the foot, ankle and the lower extremities. They can provide guidance on proper athletic footwear, prescribe custom orthotics, and evaluate biomechanics.

Use the foot health information pages below (compiled from the APMA) to learn more common foot conditions and treatments. Contact an NYSPMA podiatrist today if you are experiencing foot pain or any foot health problems. 


What is Arthritis

Arthritis is inflammation and swelling of the cartilage and lining of the joints, generally accompanied by an increase in the fluid in the joints. Each foot has 33 joints that can be afflicted with arthritis.

Diabetes & Cardiovascular Disease


Podiatrists play a key role in helping patients manage diabetes successfully and avoiding foot-related complications.

Diabetic Wound Care

A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound that occurs in approximately 15 percent of patients with diabetes and is commonly located on the bottom of the foot.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Your podiatrist is vitally concerned about hypertension and vascular disease (heart and circulatory problems).

Peripheral Arterial Disease

PAD is caused by a blockage or narrowing of the arteries in the legs when fatty deposits (plaque) build up. The buildup of plaque causes the arteries to harden and narrow.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is damage of the peripheral nerves—the nerves in your toes and fingertips. In the United States, the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy is diabetes.

Foot & Ankle Injuries

Sprains, Strains & Fractures

The feet and ankles work together to provide support and mobility to the body. A foot or ankle sprain is a soft tissue injury. A fracture is actually a break in the bone.

Muscle & Tendon Problems

Haglund's Deformity

Haglund's Deformity is a bony enlargement of the back of the heel bone. Sometimes it's called “pump bump” because the deformity often occurs in women who wears pumps.

Heel Pain

The heel bone is the largest of the 26 bones in the human foot. Like all bones, it is subject to outside influences that can affect its integrity and cause heel pain.


Tendinitis is the inflammation of a tendon. Achilles tendinitis, or an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, is one of the most common causes of foot or ankle pain.

Skin Disorders

Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is a skin disease caused by a fungus. It most commonly attacks the feet because shoes create a warm, dark and humid environment that encourages fungus growth.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that develop to protect that area from irritation. They are usually caused by rubbing or excess pressure against part of the foot.


Psoriasis is caused by faster-than-normal turnover of skin cells. In people who have psoriasis, the new cells move to the surface so rapidly that the dead cells build up on the surface in dry, whitish-silver patches.

Skin Cancers of the Feet

Skin cancer can develop anywhere on the body, including in the lower extremities. Most skin cancers of the feet are painless, and often there is a history of recurrent cracking, bleeding, or ulceration.

Sweaty Feet

Excessive sweating of the feet is called hyperhidrosis. People whose feet sweat excessively often also have problems with excessive sweating of the palms.


Warts are one of several soft tissue conditions of the foot that can be quite painful. They are caused by a virus and can appear anywhere on the skin.

Toe Joint & Nerve Disorders


A bunion is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe that forms when the bone or tissue at the big toe joint moves out of place.


A hammertoe is a contracture, or bending, of the toe at the first joint of the digit, called the proximal interphalangeal joint. This bending causes the toe to appear like an upside-down V when looked at from the side.


A neuroma is a painful condition, also referred to as a “pinched nerve” or a nerve tumor. It is a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes.

Toenail Problems

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails, the most common nail impairment, are nails whose corners or sides dig painfully into the soft tissue of nail grooves, often leading to irritation, redness and swelling.

Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is an infection underneath the surface of the nail caused by fungi. The disease is characterized by a progressive change in a toenail's quality and color.


Shoe Inserts and Prescription Custom Orthotics

Shoe inserts are any kind of non-prescription foot support designed to be worn inside a shoe. Custom orthotics are specially-made devices designed to support and comfort your feet.


Often when pain or deformity persists, surgery may be appropriate to alleviate discomfort or to restore the function of your foot.

Tips For Helping Your Feet

Get advice on how to care for your feet. These helpful pointers are sure to keep you and your family in step with good foot health.

September 22 is Falls Prevention Awareness Day

The New York State Podiatric Medical Association (NYSPMA) Raises Awareness with Steps for Reducing Falls

According the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, every 11 seconds an older adult is seen in an emergency room for a falls-related injury. Falls are the leading cause of injuries among older adults...

Red Carpet Ready: Surviving the Night in Heels

New York State Podiatric Medical Association’s Podiatrists Give the 411 on Wearing Heels

From statement heels and strappy, thin stilettos to pointy-toe pumps, there will be no shortage of sparkling, high heels on the 89th Academy Awards red carpet...

The Bartender’s Guide to Taking Care of Your Feet, Part One

As seen on Tales of the Cocktail. January 13, 2017.

NYSPMA Podiatrist James Hanna, DPM, offers recommendations for bartenders (or anyone who stands on their feet all day!) for keeping feet healthy and pain-free.


Podiatrists: First Responders for Vascular Disease

Many are aware of the risk factors of heart disease. However, fewer are aware that the blockages that can cause heart disease affect more than coronary arteries—they can also affect other arteries throughout your body. This condition is called vascular disease. Signs and symptoms for vascular disease often first appear in your feet. 

Luckily, today's podiatrists are uniquely qualified among medical professionals to diagnose vascular disease based on their education, training, and experience.

Learn more about your risk for vascular disease with APMA's new "Podiatrists: First Responders For Vascular Disease" campaign.

If you have a suspicious spot on your foot or ankle and are at risk for vascular disease, make an appointment with podiatrist near you!

Featured Videos

According to a recent survey from the American Podiatric Medical Association, nearly eight in 10 adults have experienced some type of foot ailment in their lives. Yet despite the pain, close to three in 10 do nothing about it, simply choosing to live with their pain.

Don’t let foot pain keep you from getting on your feet. NYSPMA expert podiatrists offer tips for how to care for your feet.

If you are experiencing persistent foot pain, find a podiatrist near you!


Celebrating Women in Podiatry - Advice for Women Considering a Career in Podiatry

NYSPMA member, Dr. Patricia Nicholas, DPM, of Wading River, NY, offers career advice for women who are considering a career in podiatry.

Celebrating Women in Podiatry - Advice for Women Considering a Career in Podiatry from NYSPMA on Vimeo.

Celebrating Women in Podiatry - Work-Life Balance IS Possible

Thinking about a career in podiatry? NYSPMA member, Dr. Vanessa Darmochwal, DPM, of Poughkeepsie, NY, offers advice for women considering a career in podiatry - and explains how attaining work-life balance is possible.

Celebrating Women In Podiatry - Work-Life Balance IS Possible from NYSPMA on Vimeo.

Revive Dry Winter Feet

Winter Beauty Tip: NYSPMA Past President Andrew Shapiro, DPM, of Valley Stream, NY, explains how to remove dry skin to keep skin soft and supple during winter.